Greenwood Farm and the Paine House

Located on a peninsula on the Ipswich River Estuary, Greenwood Farm comprises pastures, meadow, woodlands, salt marsh, and three tidal islands: Diamond Stage, Widow’s, and Homestead. A trail meanders through an upland field before opening onto a broad vista of the historic Paine House at the edge of the marsh. The Reservation takes its name from Thomas S. Greenwood, a member of the Paine family, who built the 19th-century white farmhouse. The design, construction, materials, and craftsmanship of this late First Period (1694) house represent the unique style of the era. Recent archaeological investigations revealed a rare survival of an eighteenth-century milk room or dairy inside the house. In the 1640s, Robert Paine Sr. received a land grant from the Town of Ipswich for the Paine Farm. There he began a 250-year-old tradition of raising cattle, harvesting salt hay, and fishing. From 1916, Greenwood Farm was a summer retreat for Robert G. Dodge, whose family lived in the farmhouse and transformed the Paine House into a Colonial Revival guest house with late 17th- to mid-19th-century American furniture and decorative arts. Greenwood Farm provides a rich feeding and breeding ground for numerous birds, finfish, shellfish, and mammals. On a typical summer day, you may see swallows, waxwings, and dragonflies swooping over the fields for small insects, or a red-tailed hawk riding high on a thermal. Great blue herons and snowy and American egrets wade through the marsh. Occasionally at dawn or dusk, the air quivers with the soft hooting of a great horned owl or the raspy bark of a red fox. Bobolinks nest in the fields.

Please note: The Paine House is closed to the public at this time. 


219 County Road Ipswich, MA 1938

Driving Directions

From Rt. 128 Exit 20A, follow Rt. 1A North to the Ipswich Town Green, continue straight onto County Rd. (turns into East St.). Follow for 0.9 mi., bear left onto Jeffrey’s Neck Rd., and follow for 0.7 mi. to entrance on right and parking (10 cars) is 1/4 mile down driveway, on left.

Notes & Advisories

2.5 miles of trails. Easy walking. The Paine House is closed to the public at this time. Local painters and photographers often capture the vistas and view of the Paine House within the salt marsh landscape, including Dorothy Monnelly, Margaret Taylor, and Melynn Allen.


  • Great Marsh
  • Historic Resources
  • Museums
  • Natural Resources
  • Parks
  • Wildlife Viewing


  • Appropriate for all ages
  • Dog Friendly
  • Parking Available